Arakh in India







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Joshua Project

Introduction / History

The Arakh are an ancient kshatriya clan which once ruled large areas of Awadh, the area of Uttar Pradesh that borders Nepal's western end.

The Arakh were said to be so powerful that they performed horse sacrifices to prove their dominance. Neighboring groups apparently dared not defy this group.

They trace their descent to the clan to which Lord Rama belonged.

"Arakh" is said to be the distorted form of "Arka" which is Sanskrit for "sun".

One of their most popular rulers was Maharaja Tilok Chand Arkawanshi:

"In 918 AD, he led a powerful army against king Vikrampal of Delhi and after defeating him, took control of Delhi. Subsequently, nine generations of Maharaja Tilok Chand ruled over Delhi. In 1093 AD Maharani Bhimadevi, the religious-minded widow of Govind Chand (who died without an heir), handed over the reins of her empire to her spiritual guru Hargovind.

The empire of Maharaja Tilok Chand comprised areas of Delhi and large parts of Awadh including its mountainous areas. Maharaja Tilok Chand Arkawanshi was a worshipper of sun-god (Arka) like his fore-fathers. He built a large sun-temple named Balark temple in Bahraich, which was later destroyed by the Turkish invaders."

What are Their Lives Like?

The Arakhs are poor and work in agriculture, as shop-owners and as laborers. They are also highly illiterate.

What are Their Beliefs?

Arakhs worship Lord Arka, the sun god as well as Lord Shiva. It is apparently the worship of Arka ("sun" in Sanskrit) that gives them their people group name.


Profile Source: Joshua Project

People Name General Arakh
People Name in Country Arakh
Population in India 585,000
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Arakalu, Yadava
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Arakh
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi (450,000) Kanauji (67,000) Awadhi (44,000) Bagheli (12,000)
Chhattisgarhi (9,400) Bundeli (7,300) Bhojpuri (3,400) Marathi (300)
Kumaoni (200) Malvi (200)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 450,000 Kanauji 67,000
Awadhi 44,000 Bagheli 12,000
Chhattisgarhi 9,400 Bundeli 7,300
Bhojpuri 3,400 Marathi 300
Kumaoni 200 Malvi 200
Largest Religion Hinduism
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Photo Source: Create International © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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