Anal in India

Joshua Project has identified the Anal only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The tribe known as the Anal is a scheduled tribe. They declared themselves Nagas (ethnically) in 1963. The Anal are an offshoot of the Pakan community. According to legend, the Pakan community split into four groups: the Anal, the Lamkang, the Monsang and the Moyon.

Where Are they Located?

The Anal is located in the Chandel, Chakpikarong and Tengnoupal subdivisions, on the banks of the Chakpi River in the district of Manipur. Some of the Anal (Pakan) are also located in the Bangladesh, Myammar and the bordering areas.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Anal, like all other tribals of the region, live a simple life. They have a patriarchal type of family. The society is divided into two moieties or tribal divisions known as "khul". These are the Chanang (Masum) and the Kori (Mochal). By preference a man will try to marry his mother's brother's daughter. Brides are acquired by arranged marriage or by eloping. A bride price is paid in cash by the prospective husband.

They communicate within the tribe using the Anal language and use Meitei for communication outside the group.

The leaders of the group are the kholpu (presides over traditional ceremonies), the dopu (the physician), the tholpu (the blacksmith) and the elders of the tribe.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Previously the tribe held belief in a supreme being named Asa Pavan. At present, the overwhelming majority of the population is Christian.

What Are Their Needs?

The tribe needs general development and higher education.

* Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version:
* Singh, K. S. 1999. India's Communities, Oxford University Press USA.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Anal
People Name in Country Anal
Population in India 20,000
World Population 20,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Anal Naga, Kuki Chin, Lamka
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Kuki-Chin-Naga
People Name General Anal
Ethnic Code MSY50p
People ID 16211
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Manipur (19,000) Delhi (100) Punjab (30) Nagaland (20)
Haryana (10)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Manipur (19,000) Delhi (100)
Punjab (30) Nagaland (20)
Haryana (10)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  31  (up to 20 largest shown)
Anal (18,000) Hmar (200) English (90) Hindi (80)
Chin, Paite (60) Chin, Thado (40) Naga, Inpui: Naga, Kabui (30) Gangte (20)
Naga, Liangmai (20) Naga, Tangkhul (10) Kom (10) Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken (10)
Vaiphei (10) Assamese (10) Meitei Lepcha
Deori Karbi Mal Paharia Nepali
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Anal 18,000 Hmar 200
English 90 Hindi 80
Chin, Paite 60 Chin, Thado 40
Naga, Inpui: Naga, Kabui 30 Gangte 20
Naga, Liangmai 20 Naga, Tangkhul 10
Kom 10 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken 10
Vaiphei 10 Assamese 10
Meitei 10 Lepcha 10
Deori 10 Karbi 0
Mal Paharia 0 Nepali 0
For Primary Language: Anal

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1949-1983)
New Testament Yes   (1983)
Complete Bible Yes   (2006)
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Christianity

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
99.63 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.22 %
0.10 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.05 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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