Tai Kaleun in Laos



Population

9,250

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

More than 7,000 Tai Kaleun people live in central Laos. The majority are located in the Khamkeut District of Borikhamxai Province, where they comprise a considerable proportion of the overall population of the district (47,805 in the 1995 census). The average size household in Khamkeut District is 6.4 people.

A small, geographically separated number of Tai Kaleun have moved to the Nakay District of Khammouan Province. In addition, Tai Kaleun are reportedly located in Thailand, although it is very difficult there to distinguish them from the Isan. Why or when the Tai Kaleun migrated to Thailand is uncertain.

The Tai Kaleun were not counted separately in the 1995 Lao census. They were probably either counted as part of the Lao or Phutai ethnic groups.

Even though the Tai Kaleun view themselves as a distinct ethnicity, their language is considered only a dialect of Lao and not a separate variety. In Thailand, the Tai Kaleun have been listed merely as a dialect group of Thai Isan.

The Tai Kaleun practice a mixture of Theravada Buddhism and animism. In Laos, there are major differences between the two Buddhist sects.

Maha Canla, a Buddhist monk from the Lao Thammayut sect, wrote. "In Laos the division was very wide. It was if neither sect recognized the other as made up of Lao people. They were completely distinct from each other, and were always trying to get the better of each other.. The entire Lao population was divided on the same basis, so that a young man who was an adherent of the Mahanikai could on no account marry a young woman who was an adherent of Thammayut, because their parents would not allow it. The trouble was the political left was aware of this weak point and they managed, by inciting the two sides and spreading evil rumors, to make the gap wider and wider."

Over the course of many centuries, while the two Buddhist sects in Laos struggled for supremacy, the Tai Kaleun have waited to hear the Gospel for the first time. Today, they are still waiting.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Tai Kaleun would soon receive a powerful and culturally-relevant presentation of the Gospel.
* Ask God to thrust forth laborers into His harvest field of Borikhamxai.
* Pray Lao Christians would be motiv-ated to take the Gospel to the linguistically similar Tai Kaleun people.


Profile Source:   Peoples of Laos, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Tai Kaleun
People Name in Country Tai Kaleun
Population in Laos 9,300
World Population 18,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kalerng, Kaleum, Kaleun, Khalong, Lao Kaleun, Laoeng, Tai Kelung
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tai
People Name General Tai Kaleun
Ethnic Code MSY49b
People ID 16147
Country Laos
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country In Thailand, the Kaleung inhabit the provinces of Mukdahan (Don Tan and Chanuman districts), Nakhon Phanom (Muang District) and parts of Sakhon Nakhon Province. The majority of Kaleung in Laos are located in the Khamkeut District of Borikhamxai Province..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Thai, Northeastern: Central Isan (9,200)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Thai, Northeastern: Central Isan 9,200
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2013)
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video Isaan Language Film
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Thai, Northeastern
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Scripture Isan Bible Online

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
98.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
2.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source: Peoples of Laos, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Peoples of Laos, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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