Jew, Romanian in Israel



Population

184,000

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

How can a nation repair a devastated economy? After World War II, the new Communist regime in Romania faced that dilemma and came up with a reprehensible scheme: selling their Jewish citizens. Out of the 800,000 Jewish people who lived in Romania before WWII, 350,000 escaped the Holocaust. These Romanian citizens still faced anti-Semitism, and their country sold 300,000 of them to the new country of Israel from late 1949 to 1978. Some went for $50 US, but the ransom price gradually increased until it reached as high as $250,000.

Today, many Romanian Jews make up the total Israeli Jewish population. Israeli leaders want all the people in Israel to "fuse" into one united Jewish group, but many retain the language of their original homeland. Most Romanian Jews, however, speak Hebrew. Romanian Jews could form fellowships with other Hebrew-speakers, but they would probably feel more at ease with those from the same part of the world.

Until 1948, Jews formed the largest non-Muslim minority in Iraq and Iran. The Jewish communities fared well over the centuries until Islam was declared the official religion. Since that time, they have been isolated and have experienced much discrimination and persecution. Sometimes they were forced to "convert" to Islam. With the formation of the Israeli nation in 1948 and the Iranian Revolution in 1979, large numbers of Jews have left Iraq and Iran. The few who remain continue to suffer from an anti-Semitic atmosphere.

When considering the Jewish lifestyle, many see Israel as the sparkling jewel on the ring of nations in the Middle East. Having been a minority for almost 2,000 years, the present population of Israel is now mostly Jewish. The stream of immigrants into Israel began in the 1880's with the national and cultural revival known as "Zionism." The "trickle" of immigrants became a flood when the nation of Israel was established in 1948. Since its formation, Israel has received over 2.5 million Jews. In the next decade it will probably overtake the USA as the world's largest Jewish community.


What are Their Lives Like?

Language is one of the distinguishing features among Jews of this region. While Hebrew and Aramaic are the common languages of prayer, sacred, and legal matters, the Jews are quite at home with local languages and dialects. Farsi (the Iranian language) and Arabic are the everyday languages of most of the Jews outside Israel. Within Israel, Jews may speak fluent Yiddish (a German dialect with Hebrew elements), Russian, Yudi, Ladino, or any number of other languages learned in their countries of origin or from their immigrant parents.

Most of the Israeli Jews live in cities. Attempts to start new towns and populate rural areas have been difficult. In fact, such attempts have often become scenes of ethnic unrest between Jews and Palestinians. Most of the Jews who live in rural areas are part of the well-known kibbutzim (collective farms or settlements in Israel).

Israeli leaders wanted to see all immigrants "fuse" into one Jewish people. However, the different immigrant groups of the past have now become the ethnic groups of today. Along with the ethnicity, a class society has developed. One's ethnic background may shape one's occupation and standard of living. The "Oriental Jews," those of African-Asian descent, are concentrated in the lower strata of society.

Unlike many Jewish communities outside Israel, extended families do not play an important part in the lives of the Israeli Jews. Rather, the nuclear family is the most important unit. Because education is highly valued in Israeli society, schools are free and compulsory through the tenth grade. Most Jews view mandatory service in the Israeli army as a crucial part of the transition into adulthood.

The decline in Judaic studies in school seems to be a result of the crisis in Israel's Jewish identity. Many religious laws written into social law are no longer being enforced, such as businesses observing the Sabbath or the prohibitions against selling pork. Although all of the holidays on the Jewish religious calendar are celebrated, they have a greater social than religious value to most Israelis. On the other hand, there has been a cultural renaissance of Hebrew and Jewish studies and arts, particularly in dance, literature, music, and theater.


What are Their Beliefs?

Rabbinical Judaism is the dominant religion of Jews in this region, and the officially recognized institutions are Orthodox. Rabbinical Judaism replaced the temple with the synagogue, the priesthood with the rabbi, and the sacrificial ceremony with the prayer service. Emphasis was placed on study of the Torah (Hebrew name for the first five books of the Bible), the growing need for national restoration in the Promised land, and the function of this world as preparatory for the world to come. However, approximately two-thirds to three-fourths of the Israeli Jews are non-observant. Jews who consider themselves to be religious can be simply divided into the Orthodox (traditionalists) who adhere to the traditional beliefs and practices, and the Moderns, who may hold to traditional beliefs, but no longer strictly observe the practices. The holy places are maintained by the state and the religious councils and rabbis are state employees.


What are Their Needs?

The Jews have a wonderful understanding of their connection with the Abrahamic covenant. However, they also have a history of rejection of Jesus Christ as Messiah, the one who has fulfilled that covenant.

Throughout their history, the Jews have been discriminated against and persecuted. They need to experience emotional healing and forgiveness. Pray that as the Gospel is shared with them, it will not be viewed as anti-Semitic, but rather as the fulfillment of what God promised humanity through Abraham centuries ago. Also pray for a spiritual hunger among the Jews who view their "Jewishness" as an ethnic identity and have no religious affiliation.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth loving Christians to work among the Jews of Israel and Iran.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to the missions agencies that are focusing on the Middle Eastern Jews.
* Pray that the Jewish people will understand that Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah.
* Ask the Lord to soften the hearts of the Jews towards Christians so that they might hear and receive the message of salvation.
* Pray that God will grant Jewish believers favor as they share their faith in Christ with their own people.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Middle Eastern Jews.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-12-30
People Name General Jew, Romanian
People Name in Country Jew, Romanian
Population in Israel 184,000
World Population 190,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Jewish, Romanian Jew
Affinity Bloc Jews
People Cluster Jews
People Name General Jew, Romanian
Ethnic Code CMT35
People ID 16126

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.




Languages & Dialects on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hebrew Romanian
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hebrew Romanian
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1477-2010)
New Testament Yes   (1877-1986)
Complete Bible Yes   (1599-1877)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hebrew
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Biblica's Hebrew
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Modern Hebrew New Testament
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.05 %)
0.05 %
Ethnic Religions
97.95 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
2.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
80.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
10.0 %
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project.  A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.