Tulung, Drung in China

Population

14,000

Christian

25%

Evangelical

21%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Derung are the fifth smallest of China's 55 official minority groups. Their self-name is Turung which the Chinese have transliterated as Derung. A visitor in the 1920s described them as "a primitive, harmless jungle people who live in trees like monkeys." The Derung and Nu claim they were once brothers who were separated and forced to live on different sides of the river.


History

Before 1949 there were 15 patriarchal clans called nile among the Derung. Each nile consisted of several family communes. Each commune possessed its own territory which was marked off by boundaries such as streams and mountain ridges. Each clan was further divided into keeng - villages where people lived in common long houses. The members of each ke-eng regarded themselves as descended from the same ancestor. The Derung gained notoriety for defeating a British military expedition in 1913.


Customs

The Derung are one of the most remote groups in China. There are no roads to their villages, many of which are only accessible by several days' walk over treacherous trails. The Derung wear their hair down to their eyebrows in the front. Until recently, Derung girls tattooed their faces at the onset of puberty with designs according to their respective clans. The dead are buried in hollow logs, except when death is the result of a major disease. Then the corpse is cremated and the ashes disposed of in the river.


Religion

In the past, each Derung clan had its own shaman who directed warfare and healed the sick. Modern health clinics have put the shamans out of business.


Christianity

The first missionary among the Derung was a French Catholic priest in 1907. In 1935 the Morse family came to the Derung area. People from four villages accepted Christ and six churches were built. Through the work of the Morse family, almost the entire Rawang tribe in Myanmar was converted. Today the number of believers among the Derung in China is uncertain. One source states, "Some estimate that there are as many as 5,000 Derung Christians in China (85.97%) while 25% Christian (about 1,450) is estimated by one Western worker close to the situation."



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country More than 6,000 members of the Derung nationality live in some of the most isolated terrain in all of China. Ninety percent of the Derung live in the extreme northwestern part of Yunnan Province, along the Dulong River basin in Gongshan County. The Derung region is "highly mountainous and rainfall is abundant. Virgin forests cover the mountain slopes, and wild animals abound." Twenty-one Derung live in Zayu County, Tibet. In addition, the Derung are also found in northern Myanmar.
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People Name General Tulung, Drung
People Name in Country Tulung, Drung
ROP3 Code 110266
Joshua Project People ID 15628
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 14,000
Least-Reached No
Alternate Names for People Group Derung, Drung, Dulong, Trung, Tulung,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Drung: Nu River 14,000
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Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Tulung, Drung
Ethnic Code MSY50z
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Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
25%    ( Evangelical  21% )
Ethnic Religions
72.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
3.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
85.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
15.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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