Teleut, Altai in Russia



Population

2,610

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Identity

The tiny Teleut group in Xinjiang view themselves as a separate people group and have officially registered their existence with the Chinese authorities. Historically, the Teleut were also known as the White Kalmuck and are called Tielingute by the Chinese. The authorities in China have probably counted the Teleut as part of the Kazak nationality.


History

The Teleut were dispersed throughout Russia by political developments in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The tiny Teleut group in China are thought to be the descendants of a diaspora group who migrated south into China, probably in the early 1800s.


Customs

The Altai region is one of the most inhospitable and harsh in all of China. Temperatures regularly plummet to minus 40 Celsius (-40F) during the long winter months. Rich, virgin forests cover the slopes of steep mountains that rise over 4,000 meters (13,120 ft.) above sea level. Teleut men spend the summer months hunting and fishing to store up supplies for the winter.


Religion

The Teleut have long been under pressure from the Mongols, Tuva, and Kazaks who inhabit the Altai area, to convert to Tibetan Buddhism or Islam. The Teleut in Russia practice traditional animism and shamanism. Many have become atheists in recent decades.


Christianity

Except possibly among the Russians, there is not a single known church fellowship in the entire Altai region of northern Xinjiang. While a Teleut Bible will greatly benefit the small number of Teleut believers living on the Russian side of the border, the unevangelized Teleut in China are not able to read the Cyrillic script.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Teleut (Tel-oot)
People Name in Country Teleut, Altai
Population in Russia 2,600
World Population 2,700
Countries 2
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Altai, Northern Altai, Southern Altai, Telengut, Tielingute, White Kalmuck
Affinity Bloc Turkic Peoples
People Cluster Kazakh
People Name General Teleut (Tel-oot)
Ethnic Code MSY41e
People ID 15323
Country Russia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Kemerovskaya Oblast, in 4 to 5 villages located just south of Belovo.   Source: 
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Altai, Northern (2,600)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Altai, Northern 2,600
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
None reported  

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.00 %)
35.00 %
Ethnic Religions
65.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
100.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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