Teleut, Altai in Russia

Population

2,680

Christian

35%

Evangelical

1.0%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The tiny Teleut group in Xinjiang view themselves as a separate people group and have officially registered their existence with the Chinese authorities. Historically, the Teleut were also known as the White Kalmuck and are called Tielingute by the Chinese. The authorities in China have probably counted the Teleut as part of the Kazak nationality.


History

The Teleut were dispersed throughout Russia by political developments in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The tiny Teleut group in China are thought to be the descendants of a diaspora group who migrated south into China, probably in the early 1800s.


Customs

The Altai region is one of the most inhospitable and harsh in all of China. Temperatures regularly plummet to minus 40 Celsius (-40F) during the long winter months. Rich, virgin forests cover the slopes of steep mountains that rise over 4,000 meters (13,120 ft.) above sea level. Teleut men spend the summer months hunting and fishing to store up supplies for the winter.


Religion

The Teleut have long been under pressure from the Mongols, Tuva, and Kazaks who inhabit the Altai area, to convert to Tibetan Buddhism or Islam. The Teleut in Russia practice traditional animism and shamanism. Many have become atheists in recent decades.


Christianity

Except possibly among the Russians, there is not a single known church fellowship in the entire Altai region of northern Xinjiang. While a Teleut Bible will greatly benefit the small number of Teleut believers living on the Russian side of the border, the unevangelized Teleut in China are not able to read the Cyrillic script.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country Russia
Continent Asia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
10/40 Window No
Location in Country Kemerovskaya Oblast, in 4 to 5 villages located just south of Belovo
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People Name General Teleut
People Name in Country Teleut, Altai
ROP3 Code 109928
Joshua Project People ID 15323
Indigenous Yes
Population in Russia 2,680
Least-Reached No
Alternate Names for People Group Altai, Northern Altai, Southern Altai, Telengut, Tielingute, White Kalmuck,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Altai, Northern 2,675
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Affinity Bloc Turkic Peoples
People Cluster Kazakh
People Name General Teleut
Ethnic Code MSY41e
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Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
35%    ( Evangelical  1.0% )
Ethnic Religions
65.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
100.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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