Tatar in Latvia



Population

1,930

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Tatar are a group of Turkic people with sizable colonies in virtually every republic of the former Soviet Union. Although most of them live around the Volga region, others inhabit Azerbaijan, Byelorussia, the Ukraine, and the Central Asian republics. The Tatar speak a language that is also called Tatar. However, in some urban areas, nearly one-third claim Russian as their mother tongue. The name Tatar means "archer."

The physical appearance of the Tatar varies from blue-eyed blondes to Mongoloid features. In general, they have oval faces with little facial hair. They speak a unique language called Kazan Tatar, although many now claim Russian as their mother tongue. The Tatar are a settled people, mostly peasants and merchants, who have completely lost their traditional tribal structure.

The Tatar have had a strong civilization since the tenth century. It has survived the Mongol invasion of the thirteenth century and the Russian conquest of the sixteenth century. In the 1800's, Tatar cities ranked among the greatest cultural centers of the Islamic world.


What are Their Lives Like?

The Tatar often seek work outside their native region, following a trend of mobility established before 1917. Some work in Russian manufacturing industries and petroleum refineries. Many of those in the Volga region work on "collective" (community) farms where they raise grains, hemp, legumes, and other fodder crops.

In urban areas, the Tatar live no differently than modern Russians. However, those living in rural areas still hold to their pre-Revolutionary traditions. For example, up to three generations may live under one roof.

Among the Tatar, the father is the legal head of the household. He is also in charge of the family income and how it is spent. The women usually cook, carry water, wash clothes, and tend to the livestock, while the men do more strenuous labor in the fields. Most Tatar are well educated. There are 1800 libraries in Tatarstan, having over 20 million books in Tatar. The Tatar people enjoy the arts - especially theatre, the orchestra, opera, and ballet.

Although the Tatar are primarily Islamic, many still observe sabantuy, or "rites of spring." This is an ancient agricultural festival that is celebrated simultaneously with the anniversary of the founding of the Russian Tatar Republic on June 25. These celebrations have their origins in Shamanism (the belief in an unseen world of gods, demons, and ancestral spirits).

The younger generation of Tatar wear contemporary city-style clothing. However, the older, collective farm members wear traditional dress. Many Tatar will identify themselves as Muslims before they will identify themselves as Tatar. Unlike devout Muslims, however, some of the Tatar will eat pork, and very few observe the prescribed Islamic fasts.


What are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Tatar are Hanafite Muslim. While Muslims believe that there is only one god, many Tatar still honor saints and holy places. Some beliefs in supernatural powers such as the "evil eye" (the ability to curse someone with a glance) still exist from their pre-Islamic days.

The Tatar's Volga area has been an Islamic stronghold since the ninth century. Nevertheless, the Tatar's beliefs remain more liberal and intellectual than the beliefs held by the more Orthodox Muslims of Central Asia or the Caucasus. For instance, in many of their mosques, prayer times have been arranged so as not to conflict with work schedules. Women have also been encouraged to join the men at the mosques instead of praying at home, as is the usual custom.

Unfortunately, the Tatar's view of Christianity has been scarred by the Russian Orthodox church and its attempts to convert them through coercion. During the 1600's and 1800's, their mosques were frequently burned. The few who were "converted" by these measures returned to their Islamic faith when oppression ended.


What are Their Needs?

Christian laborers are needed to live and work among the Tatar of Russia. Translation of the Bible began in the 1970's. The New Testament was completed in 2001.


Prayer Points

* We must pray that the Word of God will be completed, well-distributed, read, and understood by the Tatar.
* Pray that the nominally Orthodox Tatars would come to know Christ.
* Pray that God would bless the outreach efforts of a large Tatar church in Kazan.
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Russia and share Christ with the Tatar.
* Ask God to use the Tatar believers to share the love of Jesus with their friends and families.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Russian Tatar towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Russia's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Pray that the Lord will raise up loving Russian Christians to share the Gospel message with the Tatar.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Tatar.


People Name General Tatar (Tah-tar)
People Name in Country Tatar
Population in Latvia 1,900
World Population 6,336,000
Countries 22
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged or Unknown Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Dada, Dadan, Kazan Tatar, Lipka, Tartar, Tata'er, Totoriai, Tura, Turkish Tatar
Affinity Bloc Turkic Peoples
People Cluster Ural-Siberian
People Name General Tatar (Tah-tar)
Ethnic Code MSY41h
People ID 15284

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Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tatar (1,900)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tatar 1,900
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1864-2007)
New Testament Yes   (1820-2005)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tatar
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.10 %)
1.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
83.00 %
Non-Religious
16.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
90.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: International Mission Board-SBC   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: GAAPNet: Updated original Bethany people profile 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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