Tajik in Uzbekistan

Population

1,402,000

Christian

0.10%

Evangelical

0.05%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


The Tajiks of Central Asia

Source Asia Harvest                                                Download

Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center


Introduction / History

The Tajik are one of the major people groups of Central Asia. While the majority live in Tajikistan, there are significant communities in most of the other Central Asian republics, including neighboring Uzbekistan, Kazakstan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan.

The Tajik have repeatedly been invaded and conquered throughout their history. The armies of Alexander the Great, the Arabs in the seventh century, Genghis Khan, the Turks, the British, and the Russian empire have all had a profound impact on these people. In fact, the numerous invasions have been the major factor in the dispersion of the Tajik to other locations.

The term "Tajik" comes from the word taj, which means "crown." This name was probably first used by the seventh century Arabs to differentiate the Persian (Tajiki) speakers from the Turkic speakers.


What are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Tajik are mountain farmers and shepherds. Seasonal grasses create suitable pastures for raising sheep, goats, cattle, a few camels, and some horses. They also practice a remarkable system of terraced, mountainside irrigation so that wheat and barley can be grown at the higher, dry altitudes.

More and more of the Tajik have moved to the cities over the past fifty years. Most families farm during the summer period, then return to the cities for the remainder of the year. This has resulted in an unstable work force throughout the region. Conflicts often occur between the Uzbeks and the Tajik as a result of the competition for jobs.

A majority of the urban Tajik live in governmental housing. The rural Tajik live instead in village communities located on non-farmable, rocky land. There they build low, square or rectangular houses out of unbaked mud. Pressed mud bricks made with stone are used for the foundations. Flat roofs are made of tightly packed earth and twigs, and are supported by mat covered beams.

Women wear colorful national costumes with printed cottons and silks accented by flowered head scarves. They rarely wear veils; however, they do wear chaddors, which are multi-purpose shawls. The men wear shirts and trousers, sometimes with quilted robes and belts. They also wear embroidered skull caps, and some wear turbans or fur hats during the cold mountain winters. The upper class and city dwellers tend to wear European style clothing.

Green tea is served with most meals. Bread is a staple food, and the Tajik bake bread out of anything that can be ground into flour, including a variety of peas and mulberries. They also eat starchy foods, rice, grapes, dried fruits, chicken, lamb, and vegetable dishes.

Tajik society is patriarchal, meaning that the authority belongs to the oldest males of the extended family. Inheritances are passed down through the males, and after marriage, a new bride moves in with the husband's family. Traditionally, marriages were arranged by the family. Today, however, most Tajik are free to choose their own mates.

Villages and communities are ruled by a majlis, or council, made up of the male leaders of prominent families. A chief is elected from among the council. The "kinship structure" is still dominant in social and political spheres of life. The Tajik live in tight-knit communities and are a very hospitable people.


What are Their Beliefs?

Most Tajik are Sunni Muslims of the Hanafite branch, although some Shi'ites exist. Approximately one-tenth of the Tajik are classified as non-religious. This has probably been a result of Russian atheistic pressure.


What are Their Needs?

The people have remained closed to the Gospel. There are currently no known Tajik believers in Uzbekistan.


Prayer Points

* Ask God to raise up long-term missionaries who will go to Uzbekistan and share the love of Christ with the Tajik.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Uzbekistan's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will call out prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Tajik.



Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Tajik
People Name in Country Tajik
Population in Uzbekistan 1,402,000
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Tadzhik, Tadzhiki
Affinity Bloc Persian-Median
People Cluster Tajik
People Name General Tajik
Ethnic Code CNT24g
Country Uzbekistan
Continent Asia
Region Central Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Sarikoli (Unknown) Tajiki (Unknown)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Sarikoli Tajiki
Largest Religion Islam
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.10%    ( Evangelical  0.05% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
94.90%
Non-Religious
5.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
1.00%
Protestant
10.00%
Orthodox
88.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
1.00%
Photo Source: Anonymous
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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