Baloch, Southern in Saudi Arabia

Population

14,700

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Southern Baluch of Pakistan are part the larger Baluch community which consists of approximately 8 million people. Their homeland lies in the southern areas of the Baluchistan and Sind Provinces. These provinces are located in the southeastern portion of the country. In addition to Pakistan, Baluch can be found in Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates as well as other countries. The various Baluch groups speak different languages, each with distinguishing characteristics. These languages have been divided into three groups: Eastern, Western, and Southern Baluchi.

Their name, "Baluch," is shrouded in controversy. Some say it means "nomad," while others claim that it is an old Persian word meaning "the cock's crest." Their history is just as mysterious. Some have traced their origins to Nimrod, son of Cush (Noah's grandson). But while some things are uncertain, we do know that they first moved to the region in the twelfth century. During the Moghul period, this territory became known as "Baluchistan."


What are Their Lives Like?

According to historians, this high and arid region was once a thickly populated area watered by many perennial rivers. Today, it is a desolate, infertile area of rocky mountains, dry river valleys, and semi-desert plains. Rainfall is low, unreliable, and the hills have few trees. However, when rain comes or the snow melts, the dry river beds become raging torrents and the brown, arid landscape turns green once again.

The Baluch traditionally earn their living by a combination of farming and semi-nomadic shepherding. They usually raise sheep, cattle, or goats. Agriculture is limited because of the harsh climate; nevertheless, it plays a large role in the economy. The chief crop is wheat. To aid in the household economy, some farmers raise chickens. They also depend on wild fruits and vegetables. One wild plant, called the "dwarf palm," is used as a dietary supplement. The meat of the palm is eaten, and the leaves are used to make ropes, shoes, mats, and tents. Though their survival techniques may vary, each community tries to keep a wide variety of animals and grow many different crops. If the local economy does not provide adequate job opportunities, the young men often move to the cities in search of work.

Village settlements are clusters of mud houses, loosely organized around the home of the local chief. They live in these permanent mountain and valley settlements in the summertime. However, in winter, they migrate to the plains and coastal areas, seeking green grass for their livestock. During this time, they live in tents, and move freely across the landscape as weather conditions dictate. These temporary settlements are smaller, consisting of closely related kin.

Within the family, the entire household is responsible for tending the family's herd. Women work in groups, threshing and separating the harvest; while plowing and planting are done by the men. Traditionally, land is not privately owned but belongs to the whole tribe.


What are Their Beliefs?

The Baluch are Sunni Muslims. Their religious practices remain private, and there is no concept of a "state religion." All forms of secular authority are separated from the spiritual authority held by religious leaders.


What are Their Needs?

The Baluch have been isolated for many years due to Pakistan's harsh climate, the difficulty of communicating in mountainous terrain, and their reputation as bandits. Since the governments of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan all have a share in Baluchistan's welfare, they have begun building roads and developing agriculture programs. However, the Baluch have remained largely unaffected by these developmental changes.

Very little missions work is taking place among the Southern Baluch. The Jesus Film is available; however, there are only a few known believers among them.

Since illiteracy among the Baluch is very high, Christian workers might find open doors into Pakistan as teachers.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Pakistan and share Christ with the Baluch.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the missionaries that are trying to reach the Baluchs for Christ.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Southern Baluch towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Pakistan's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Southern Baluch.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Baloch, Southern
People Name in Country Baloch, Southern
Population in Saudi Arabia 14,700
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Baloch, Baluch, Baluchi, Southern, Southern Baluch
Affinity Bloc Persian-Median
People Cluster Baloch
People Name General Baloch, Southern
Ethnic Code CNT24b
Country Saudi Arabia
Region Middle East and North Africa
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 6  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )

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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Balochi, Southern (15,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Balochi, Southern 15,000
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1992-1994)
New Testament Yes   (1999)
Complete Bible No
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Balochi, Southern
General Got Questions Ministry
Prayer Links
Pray4Saudi

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source: Ahsan Ali   Creative Commons  
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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