Shuar, Jivaro in Ecuador

Joshua Project has identified the Shuar only in Ecuador





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Shuar are one of several indigenous tribal groups which reside in the SouthEastern portion of Ecuador, a jungle/rainforest area. The Shuar gained notoriety for their custom of shrinking heads of victims. Eventually Ecuador had to outlaw the practice because the popularity of buying shrunken heads as souvenirs was driving the practice to continue. The group has been fiercely agressive and independent enough to fend off colonization by the Spanish. On one occasion the group retaliated violently to an attempt to tax them. They raided settlements and killed thousands of people. They allegedly poured melted gold down the throat of the governor who tried to impose the tax.

Where Are they Located?

SE portion of Ecuador in South America....East of the city of Macas.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Previously the Shuar were nomadic, but have since established themselves in permanent dwellings.

A rite of passage for a young man involves the drinking of water containing the extract of a bark that induces hallucinations.

What Are Their Beliefs?

There is now Christian work. The northern area of the Shuar have had Christian work for more than 10 years; but work in the Southern portion has mostly begun during the last 10 years (Baptist work). The larger Shuar community retain animistic beliefs. A belief of theirs has been that if someone dies from disease, the death was actually killed by invisible darts.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Shuar
People Name in Country Shuar, Jivaro
Population in Ecuador 42,000
World Population 42,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Jibaro, Jivaro
Affinity Bloc Latin-Caribbean Americans
People Cluster Amazon
People Name General Shuar
Ethnic Code MIR39d
People ID 14920
Country Ecuador
Region Central and South America
Continent South America
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Southeastern jungle, Morona-Santiago Province.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Enthologue Language Map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Shuar (42,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Shuar 42,000
For Primary Language: Shuar

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1939-1966)
New Testament Yes   (1976-1983)
Complete Bible Yes   (2010)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Yus Papí: Shuarja̱i̱ Yus Yamaram Chicham Najanamu Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Shuar Film / Video
Online Bible text (Scripture Earth) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.50 %)
10.00 %
Ethnic Religions
90.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
90.0 %
Photo Source: Kleverenrique   Creative Commons  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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