Arab, Saudi - Hijazi in Qatar



Population

17,700

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

Saudi Arabia is home to a number of different Arab groups. The Hijazi Arab (more commonly known as the Saudi Arab) form the majority of the Saudi Arabian population and live predominantly along the Red Sea coast and in the major urban areas. They speak a language called Arabiya, or, as it is more commonly called, Hijazi Arabic.

The Arab culture was developed by tribes of nomads and villagers who lived in the Arabian Desert. From there, Arab migrations spread throughout the Middle East and northern Africa, leading to the expansion of the Arab world.

More than half the area of Saudi Arabia is desert. Fertile oases, many of which are the sites of towns and villages, are scattered through the Saudi Arabian deserts north of Rub' al Khali. Larger tracts of grassland can be found in Ad Dhana' and the plateau region. The great Saudi Arabian oil fields are located in the coastal area adjoining the Persian Gulf.


What are Their Lives Like?

Historically, agriculture and raising livestock have been the basic economic activities of Saudi Arabia. Since the development of the oil industry, however, the government has sought to diversify its industrial base and improve its basic economic structure. As a result, roads, airports, seaports, and the power industry have all been developed. Through a sharp increase in oil prices beginning in 1973, Saudi Arabia began to amass a tremendous cash reserve. The government used its new-found wealth to transform its economy at a rate almost without precedent in modern history. Although there was a lack of trained and skilled labor, this was partially offset by millions of workers from other countries.

Today, the government is the largest employer in Saudi Arabia, engaging about a third of the work force. Industry employs nearly the sam amount, including a small amount in the oil industry. Others are involved in trade and other services, and in agriculture or fishing.

Education in Saudi Arabia is free, but not compulsory. Most of Saudi adults are literate, a dramatic increase from the less than 3% literacy rate in the early 1960's. In recent decades, teacher-training institutes have been established with the aim of reducing the country's great dependence on other Arab countries for teachers.

Because Saudi Arabia has long imported food, agriculture has been targeted as a key area of development. Since the late 1980's, a large wheat surplus has been exported, and the country has achieved self-sufficiency in many dairy and poultry products. The lack of water has made a minimal amount of the land useful for farming. Irrigated lands located near oases have been virtually the only sites of cultivation.

In accordance with their Muslim religion, Gulf Arab marriages are typically endogamous, which means that they marry only within a small social circle. Inheritance is patrilineal (passed down from fathers to their sons). Gulf Arab clothing is designed for the harsh desert climate. It is made of lightweight, light-colored fabric and is also loose-fitting, allowing for the circulation of air.


What are Their Beliefs?

The Hijazi Arab are practically all Muslims, but represent a variety of Islamic sects. The founding of Islam in the seventh century profoundly altered the course of Saudi history. In the mid-1700's, Mohammed ibn Abd al-Wahhab formed his fundamentalist sect, and today, the Saudi see themselves as the preservers of the true Islamic faith. The city of Mecca on the Red Sea coast is the holy place of pilgrimage that all Muslims must try to visit at least once in their lifetime.


What are Their Needs?

Few of the Hijazi Arab in Saudi Arabia have accepted Jesus as their Savior. A profession of faith in Jesus may cost a person his family, his honor, his job, or even his life. Evangelization of this group will be challenging, due to the nature of the Arabs' lifestyle and belief system. Prayer is the key to reaching them with the message of the Cross.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to open the doors of Saudi Arabia to the preaching of the Gospel.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to give creative strategies for evangelism to missions agencies focusing on the Hijazi Arab.
* Pray that God will give the Hijazi Arab believers courage to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Hijazi Arab.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Arab, Saudi - Hijazi
People Name in Country Arab, Saudi - Hijazi
Population in Qatar 18,000
World Population 9,440,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Ad-Mu'allin, African-Arabian Arab, Hijazi Arab, Saudi Arab
Affinity Bloc Arab World
People Cluster Arab, Arabian
People Name General Arab, Saudi - Hijazi
Ethnic Code CMT30
People ID 14784
Country Qatar
Region Middle East and North Africa
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 19  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
People Group Map Arab, Saudi - Hijazi in Qatar

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Arabic, Hijazi Spoken
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Arabic, Hijazi Spoken
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Arabic Bibles Online
General Four Spiritual Laws
Scripture Bible-in-Your-Language

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
99.00 %
Non-Religious
1.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source: Francescana Printing  
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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