Lampung Pubian in Indonesia

Joshua Project has identified the Lampung Pubian only in Indonesia






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Lampung Pubian are a group who have a very clear cultural organizational structure, which separates them from other peoples within the Lampung cluster. The Pubian are also called the Three Clans of Pubian (Pubian Telu Suku) because in the past they were made up of three clans (buay) but now consist of twelve clans. The concept of clan (suku) for the Pubian refers to a broader association than for other groups in the region, because for them a clan can consist of several villages. The Pubian are made up of two subgroups, the Manyarakat and the Temu Pupus. The Manyarakat are made up of six clans: Kediangan, Gunung, Selagai, Manik, Nyurang and Kapal. The Temu Pupus are also made of six clans: Nyuan, Pemuka Pati, Pemuka Menang, Pemuka Halom Bawak, Pemuka Senima and Kuning. The Pubian live in the regencies of South Lampung, Tanggamus, Central Lampung and in Bandar Lampung city. Their villages are located on the lowland plains spreading to the east. For centuries they have had to stay clear of the Abung people, who have forbidden them to cross the border between their areas. Today, the Lampung Pubian have mixed with the other indigenous peoples and have their own territory, a small area in Central Lampung regency.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Lampung Pubian settlements are at the same sites as they have been for a long time. Every clan (marga) owns a permanent house that is usually inhabited only by the elderly. Most young adults and children live in seasonal homes called umbulan. Characteristic Lampung Pubian villages are made up of long, elevated wooden homes (sesat), situated around the village government buildings. These homes have one large room that has been partitioned off to create smaller rooms for members of the community. However, modern-day homes have begun to shift from this traditional elevated wooden home style to homes that are only partially elevated or to typical ground-level concrete and wood homes. The Pubian live apart from non-Lampung people who move into the area, because the newcomers often settle in dry field areas. The primary means of livelihood for the Pubian is farming and almost none of them work as fishermen because they tend to live in areas that are far from the coast. The Pubian speak the Lampung Api language. The word api means "what?". Most Pubian can speak Indonesian. Many of them also can speak the languages of transmigrants like Javanese and Sundanese. They hold to the customs (adat) of the Pepadun tradition. The word pepadun means "chair" or a seat used by a ruler. The leadership system in Pubian is congregational in that there are many punyimbang (cultural leaders) who have the right of voice in community meetings, acting much like a congress. Family ties among the Pubian are very strong and the Pubian clans use a system of consensus for resolving issues amongst themselves.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Lampung Pubian hold very strongly to their Islamic identity. But there is a dualistic view of religion among the Pubian. On one hand, there is a belief that all religions are good and their teachings are basically the same, just with different means of achieving the same ends. But on the other hand, they also believe very strongly that Islam is right and they view followers of other religions as unbelievers.

What Are Their Needs?

Social and public facilities are greatly needed among the Lampung Pubian. Good education and health care are also needed in order to improve their quality of living. Adequate land and jobs for the Pubian could decrease their jealousy toward the transmigrant communities who live around them.

Profile Source:   IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-06-22
Video Links:
Condemnation or Forgiveness
People Name General Lampung Pubian
People Name in Country Lampung Pubian
Population in Indonesia 108,000
World Population 108,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Pubian
Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Lampung of Sumatra
People Name General Lampung Pubian
Ethnic Code MSY44k
People ID 14465
Country Indonesia
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country West, central, and south Lampung Province; south Benkulu Province around Krui, Sanggi, Kotajawa, South Sumatra, south of Muaradua, near headwaters of Kanan River.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Lampung Api (108,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Lampung Api 108,000
For Primary Language: Lampung Api

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1999-2000)
New Testament Yes   (2002)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Lampung Api Film / Video
Lampungese Language Film Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: IPN   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: IPN   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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