Pashayi, Northwest in Afghanistan

Joshua Project has identified the Pashayi, Northwest only in Afghanistan

Population

13,600

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: The World Missions Atlas Project


Introduction / History

The Northwest Pashayi, also called the Laurowan, Pashai, and Pasyayi, are of the Kashmiri people cluster. They live in Afghanistan, mostly in the valleys of the Hindu Kush in northeastern Afghanistan. They tend to live in valleys located near major river systems. The Northwest Pashayi mostly live in the area between Gulbahar and Nuristan Provinces along the Alingar River, especially in the Alisheng Valley and the valleys that are north of Sarobi.


What are Their Lives Like?

Very few people actually refer to themselves as Pashayi, rather they call themselves Safi, Kohistanis, or Nuristanis.

Pashayi, a Dardic language, is their primary language and has many dialects. The northwestern Pashayi speak the northwestern dialect of Pashayi, which is unintelligible to other Pashayi speakers. The literacy rate for their first language is less than one percent and the literacy rate for their second language is between five and fifteen percent.

It is believed that the Pashayi once inhabited the northeastern plains of Afghanistan, however were forced to move to the mountains as the Pashtun invaded their areas.

The Pashayi are mostly rice farmers, for those living at lower elevations, and wheat and maize farmers and herders, for those living at the higher elevations.

Pashayi are tribal people. They are often lead by a village council which is the authority on issues affecting the entire village. The council is composed of extended family members from each family unit. Personal disputes are left to be resolved by the individual who was hurt in some way, which often leads to feuds.

The Pashayi value masculinity and honor more than anything else. The idea of an ideal man among the Pashayi is a man who is a proud warrior, one who is loyal to his family, one who is dangerous to his enemies, and a man who is always prepared for a feud when necessary.

The Pashayi culture has a rich tradition of songs and folklore which is passed down by oral tradition. Songs are often sung about their culture and traditionally, around harvest time, the young people in the village travel to other villages to sing the songs they'd composed throughout the year. Every Pashayi man carries a knife or a gun.


What are Their Beliefs?

The Pashayi converted to Islam in the late sixteenth century. They are Sunni Muslims of the Hanafite sect. Many Pashayi have some Folk Islamic practices, and it is not uncommon for Pashayi men to leave their communities to study under Pakistani or Afghani holy men. Shrines dedicated to saints are found throughout their areas. There are few, if any, know believers or churches among them. There are Christian audio recordings in this language.




People Name General Pashayi, Northwest
People Name in Country Pashayi, Northwest
Population in Afghanistan 13,600
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Laurowan, Northwest Pashayi, Pashai, Pashayi
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kashmiri
People Name General Pashayi, Northwest
Ethnic Code CNN25i
Country Afghanistan
Continent Asia
Region Central Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Kapisa and Laghman provinces, Gulbahar to Nuristan on Alingar River, Alisheng Valley, valleys north of Sarobi

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Pashayi, Northwest: Wadahu (14,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Pashayi, Northwest: Wadahu 14,000
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Largest Religion Islam
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
1.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
99.00%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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