Mang in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



The Mang have been included in a list of Undetermined Minorities by the Chinese authorities. They are known by different names to different peoples in the area. The Dai call them Chaman; the Hani know them as Manbu; and the Kucong call them Ba'e. Mang is the self-name of this group.


The Mang say they do not know where they come from. They have no special celebrations and do not even observe the popular Chinese Spring Festival. Despising themselves and feeling no self-worth, the Mang told one visitor, "We have no reason to live except to survive."


The Mang live in simple bamboo houses on stilts. They have no electricity and no schools. On the roofs of their houses are fixed two carvings of dragons - common among Mon-Khmerspeaking peoples. In the past, at the onset of puberty, young Mang girls were tattooed around their mouths for adornment and to show they had reached maturity. The Mang's diet consists primarily of rice and corn. They also raise pigs and hunt for rabbits, mice, and occasionally small deer. They hunt frequently because they have little food in their village. The local authorities sometimes give aid to Mang families to help them survive.


The Mang world is full of evil spirits who must be continually appeased to placate their anger. The Mang believe the universe and the human race were created by Mon Ten, the Creator god. They believe the universe is divided into four strata. The uppermost level is the Mon phinh. The realm of spirits on the earth is Mon lom; under the earth is Mon lo (the realm of demons); and in the water is Mon chang (the realm of dragons).


Due to the fact that they are a small and primitive people group who have virtually no contact with the outside world, the Mang in China are unaware of Christianity. They did not even know they had relatives across the mountains in Vietnam, no more than 50 kilometers (31 mi.) away. In addition to the gospel message, the Mang need practical help and assistance in community development to break them out of their dire physical poverty and economic struggle for survival. A handful of Mang families in Vietnam reportedly became Christians in 1999, but it appears these Mang have no contact with the Mang in China.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Mang (Mung)
People Name in Country Mang
Population in China 600
World Population 3,800
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bae, Ba-e, Chaman, Manbu, Mảng, Mang Ren, Mang U, Xamang
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mon-Khmer
People Name General Mang (Mung)
Ethnic Code AUG03z
People ID 13495
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country In 1997 a mere 408 Mang people lived in the remote and impoverished mountains of southern China. The little-known Mang inhabit thick forests and mountain slopes in the Mengla District of Jinping County, near the Vietnam border. Their homes are a two-hour trek from the nearest road. The low population of the Mang is due to inbreeding, which has caused many Mang women to become sterile. Disease, malnutrition, and poor hygiene cause a high infant mortality rate. More than 2,000 Mang are located directly across the border in the Ha Giang area of Vietnam where they are one of that country's 54 official ethnic groups..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Mang (600)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Mang 600
For Primary Language: Mang

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
99.50 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.50 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Asia Harvest   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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