Limbu in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The majority of the Limbu live in the extreme eastern section of Nepal; however, a few of them live in the adjacent Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal. They live primarily in the area between the high Himalayan Mountains and the plains of northern India.

The Limbu are closely related to the neighboring Rai. Together, the two groups comprise the Kiranti, a large tribal group which lives in much of eastern Nepal. The Limbu are of Mongolian descent and speak a dialect of Kiranti called Limbu, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

The Limbu are known and admired for their bravery, fearlessness, and strong work ethic. They enjoy drinking and dancing, and these two activities are practiced at nearly all important events, including weddings, funerals, gift exchanges, and conflict settlements. These events give the young people opportunities not only to enjoy the drinking and dancing, but also to meet one another.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Limbu are almost exclusively farmers, growing rice, corn, and millet as staple crops. They often use a mixture of straw, leaves, and manure to fertilize their fields. Those who live at lower elevations often cultivate rice on terraces that are painstakingly carved out of the mountainside. The terraces are irrigated by diverting streams or springs and allowing them to flow down from one terrace to the next. In addition to their cultivated fields, nearly all the Limbu have gardens near their homes, where crops such as spinach, cabbage, potatoes, mangoes, and oranges are grown. In an effort to generate extra income for their families, many Limbu men join either the Nepalese or Indian army.

A poor Limbu family may live in a house made of mud or bamboo with a straw roof. In contrast, a wealthy family may inhabit a two-story stone structure with an iron-sheet roof. However, the most common type of home is more durable than the first type but less elaborate than the second. Most houses are poorly ventilated, poorly lighted, and have little furniture. At the front of the house, there is usually a verandah that faces a large courtyard. The courtyard is used as a place to carry out family chores and to spend leisure time.

In Limbu families, the wife plays a very active role. This is partially due to the fact that the husband often leaves to join the army to generate more income. During her husband's prolonged absences, the wife holds the family together and is the main decision-maker concerning household matters. When a young woman marries, she lives in constant fear of her mother-in-law. Many brides return home because they are unable get along with their mothers-in-law. Until the bride is accepted by her husband's mother, the marriage remains quite shaky.

Interestingly, the Limbu are hesitant to address each other by name. Calling out a name in public is taboo and creates embarrassment.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Many Limbu follow a combination of Buddhism and their traditional beliefs. While they recognize and participate in many important Hindu festivals, they also hold animal sacrifices to appease their gods, a practice condemned by Hinduism. The Limbu do believe in a god who created the universe, but they worship him as a "force" or "energy" rather than as a personal being.

The Limbu believe that after a woman marries, she inherits her mother's gods, who are then recognized as the gods of the young woman's household. If her husband commits an offense or causes a problem, he is required to be washed clean of his deed in order to appease the household gods.

What Are Their Needs?

Very few of the Limbu have become Christians. Nearly all of them continue to follow Buddhism, Hinduism, and their traditional ethnic religion. Christian intercessors are the key to breaking the power that Satan has over their lives.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call Spirit-filled Christians who will share the Gospel with the Limbu of India.
* Ask the Lord to strengthen, embolden, and protect the small number of Limbu believers.
* Ask God to raise up a mighty army of prayer warriors who will faithfully intercede for the Limbu.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Limbu
People Name in Country Limbu
Population in India 184,000
World Population 560,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Black Mountain, Chaang, Chang, Monpa, Ole Monpa, Olekha, Tsono, Yakthumba
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster South Himalaya
People Name General Limbu
Ethnic Code MSY50k
People ID 13065
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (120,000) Assam (40,000) Sikkim (16,000) Manipur (1,600)
Uttarakhand (1,600) Meghalaya (1,100) Mizoram (1,000) Himachal Pradesh (900)
Arunachal Pradesh (700) Tripura (200) Nagaland (200) Uttar Pradesh (200)
Andaman and Nicobar (90) Madhya Pradesh (80) Jharkhand (50) Maharashtra (40)
Chandigarh (20) Gujarat (10) Telangana (10) Punjab (10)
Total States on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (120,000) Assam (40,000)
Sikkim (16,000) Manipur (1,600)
Uttarakhand (1,600) Meghalaya (1,100)
Mizoram (1,000) Himachal Pradesh (900)
Arunachal Pradesh (700) Tripura (200)
Nagaland (200) Uttar Pradesh (200)
Andaman and Nicobar (90) Madhya Pradesh (80)
Jharkhand (50) Maharashtra (40)
Chandigarh (20) Gujarat (10)
Telangana (10) Punjab (10)
Languages & Dialects on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Nepali (145,000) Limbu (29,000) Bengali (4,200) Hindi (2,400)
Assamese (600) Newar: Newari (300) Lepcha (70)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Nepali 145,000 Limbu 29,000
Bengali 4,200 Hindi 2,400
Assamese 600 Newar: Newari 300
Lepcha 70

For Main Lanugage: Nepali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1850-1961)
New Testament Yes   (1821-2010)
Complete Bible Yes   (1914-2004)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
General Ministry Resources Audio Recordings
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Nepali Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Nepali Bible stories Audio Recordings
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Other / Small

Major Religion Percent
2.35 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
7.25 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
27.58 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
62.81 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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