Vietnamese, Jing in China



Population

23,000

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Identity

The official classification of the Vietnamese people on Hainan is a problematic one. They have not been included under the Jing nationality, although the Jing are fellow Vietnamese who have earned official status as one of China's 55 minority groups. This profile refers only to ethnic Vietnamese in China and not to the hundreds of thousands of ethnic Chinese who have fled from Vietnam to China since the late 1970s. As one commentator explains, "During outbreaks of racial hostility in Vietnam in 1978, thousands of Vietnamese of Chinese descent fled in confusion to their home country which they had left many years, sometimes generations, earlier. ... About 100,000 went to Guangxi, and another 110,000 settled elsewhere in China." Because those refugees are ethnic Han Chinese, they have easily assimilated back into China. "Since these refugees can no longer return to Vietnam, the aim of the Chinese government is to repatriate them as Chinese citizens. The teaching medium in schools is therefore Chinese. After several years of hard work, the residents are now no different from other Chinese." The Vietnamese profiled here, however, are ethnic Vietnamese who speak the Vietnamese language. Their official classification is uncertain.


History

The Vietnamese came to Hainan in 1986 by accident. They had set out as refugees onboard fishing vessels bound for Hong Kong, but only managed to reach Hainan Island. Hong Kong - which at one point housed almost 100,000 Vietnamese refugees - offered escapees the chance for repatriation to Western nations. Not all of the refugees who made it to safety in Hong Kong, however, came by sea from Vietnam. Many crossed the border into China, traveled by train to Guangdong Province, changed their appearance to look as if they had endured great hardship at sea, and then boarded vessels to take them the few miles into Hong Kong waters.


Customs

Because of the exorbitant amount of money charged by the owners of the fishing vessels, most of the refugees came from wealthy families in northern Vietnam. They were willing to give up all they had in the hope of gaining entry to the United States or another Western nation.


Religion

Most Vietnamese on Hainan Island are nonreligious, although there are some who follow Daoism, Buddhism, or Catholicism.


Christianity

Few of the Vietnamese refugees on Hainan claim to be Christians. Because they originated in northern Vietnam where there are few churches, most have little awareness of the gospel. One missionary dropped off a few hundred Vietnamese gospel tracts and a Jesus film in 1997, but no organizations are known to be specifically focusing on this group.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Vietnamese (Vee-et-nahm-ees)
People Name in Country Vietnamese, Jing
Population in China 23,000
World Population 83,743,000
Countries 33
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Annamese, Annanese, Ching, Cing, Gin, Jhing, Jing, King, Kinh, Kinh (Việt), Viet
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Vietnamese
People Name General Vietnamese (Vee-et-nahm-ees)
Ethnic Code MSY52b
People ID 12700
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country South coast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, on Shanxin, Wanwei, and Wutou peninsulas (the "three peninsulas"), Fangcheng Pan-Nationality Autonomous County; Jiangping region.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Vietnamese: Northern Vietnamese (23,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Vietnamese: Northern Vietnamese 23,000
For Primary Language: Vietnamese

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1890-1989)
New Testament Yes   (1914-2011)
Complete Bible Yes   (1916-1994)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Gateway Scripture Text / Printed Matter
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 1934 Vietnamese Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Vietnamese Version Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
General Ministry Resources Audio Recordings
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Vietnamese Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
20.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.15 %)
3.00 %
Ethnic Religions
57.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
20.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
10.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
90.0 %
Photo Source: Henk Sebregts   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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