Vietnamese in China

Population

2,640

Christian

15%

Evangelical

1.5%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The official classification of the Vietnamese people on Hainan is a problematic one. They have not been included under the Jing nationality, although the Jing are fellow Vietnamese who have earned official status as one of China's 55 minority groups. This profile refers only to ethnic Vietnamese in China and not to the hundreds of thousands of ethnic Chinese who have fled from Vietnam to China since the late 1970s. As one commentator explains, "During outbreaks of racial hostility in Vietnam in 1978, thousands of Vietnamese of Chinese descent fled in confusion to their home country which they had left many years, sometimes generations, earlier. ... About 100,000 went to Guangxi, and another 110,000 settled elsewhere in China." Because those refugees are ethnic Han Chinese, they have easily assimilated back into China. "Since these refugees can no longer return to Vietnam, the aim of the Chinese government is to repatriate them as Chinese citizens. The teaching medium in schools is therefore Chinese. After several years of hard work, the residents are now no different from other Chinese." The Vietnamese profiled here, however, are ethnic Vietnamese who speak the Vietnamese language. Their official classification is uncertain.


History

The Vietnamese came to Hainan in 1986 by accident. They had set out as refugees onboard fishing vessels bound for Hong Kong, but only managed to reach Hainan Island. Hong Kong - which at one point housed almost 100,000 Vietnamese refugees - offered escapees the chance for repatriation to Western nations. Not all of the refugees who made it to safety in Hong Kong, however, came by sea from Vietnam. Many crossed the border into China, traveled by train to Guangdong Province, changed their appearance to look as if they had endured great hardship at sea, and then boarded vessels to take them the few miles into Hong Kong waters.


Customs

Because of the exorbitant amount of money charged by the owners of the fishing vessels, most of the refugees came from wealthy families in northern Vietnam. They were willing to give up all they had in the hope of gaining entry to the United States or another Western nation.


Religion

Most Vietnamese on Hainan Island are nonreligious, although there are some who follow Daoism, Buddhism, or Catholicism.


Christianity

Few of the Vietnamese refugees on Hainan claim to be Christians. Because they originated in northern Vietnam where there are few churches, most have little awareness of the gospel. One missionary dropped off a few hundred Vietnamese gospel tracts and a Jesus film in 1997, but no organizations are known to be specifically focusing on this group.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Submit a new profile or correction

Submit an update
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country More than 2,000 Vietnamese people live in Pyng Chu San Village in the central part of Hainan Island. More than 70 million Vietnamese are scattered throughout numerous nations of the world.
Submit an update
People Name General Vietnamese
People Name in Country Vietnamese
ROP3 Code 105018
Joshua Project People ID 12700
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 2,640
Least-Reached No
Alternate Names for People Group Annamese, Annanese, Ching, Cing, Gin, Jhing, Jing, King, Kinh, Kinh (Việt), Viet,
Submit an update
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Vietnamese: Northern Vietnamese 2,638
Submit an update
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Vietnamese
People Name General Vietnamese
Ethnic Code MSY52b
Submit an update
Largest Religion Buddhism
Buddhism
65.00%
Christianity
15%    ( Evangelical  1.5% )
Ethnic Religions
8.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
12.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
10.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
90.00%
Photo Source: Henk Sebregts Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project. A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.