Kayu Agung in Indonesia

Joshua Project has identified the Kayu Agung only in Indonesia

Population

21,400

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Kayu Agung are located throughout the districts of Kayu Agung and Ogan Komering Ilir Atas in the province of South Sumatra. Kayu Agung means "the people of the noble wood". They are not nomadic, but prefer to live in the same place their entire lives. Currently, there are about 40 Kayu Agung villages. The Kayu Agung speak Kayu Agung, a dialect of Komering which is part of the Lampungic language cluster. The Kayu Agung are made up of two groups. The first group is called Original Kayu Agung. People in this group tend to identify ethnically with the Komering people. The second group is simply called Kayu Agung. This group speaks a different variety of Kayu Agung and they identify themselves with the Original Kayu Agung, but not with the Komering.


What are Their Lives Like?

Kayu Agung houses have wooden walls and floors, with a sago palm leaf roofs. The houses are usually raised several feet off the ground on top of wooden stilts. In their home area, the Kayu Agung live alongside the Komering, Rambang and Ogan. The Kayu Agung mainly live along the Komering river which passes through the district of Kayu Agung. This area is still affected by tidal river flows, resulting in the river being called laut ("ocean" in Indonesian) by the community . The height of their area ranges between 0 to 500 meters above sea level, with only a few Kayu Agung living between 500 to 1000 meters above sea level. So the Kayu Agung mainly live in the lowlands. In the past this area was swampland, but now it is developed and has become an urban area. Most residents make a living from rubber tree plantations, much like the rest of South Sumatra. Like most other residents of South Sumatra, the Kayu Agung tend to be farmers. Nevertheless, they also have more ways of making a living because most of the area in which they live is urbanized, unlike other nearby people groups who live in more rural settings. Livelihoods of the Kayu Agung include being a merchant, office worker, teacher and the like. Another way of making a living, for which the Kayu Agung are very well known, is to become a "duta". A person who is a duta has a high social status among the Kayu Agung, due to his ability to get large amounts of money. In fact, the job of a duta is to be a top class criminal in large cities. Normally if a duta is about to leave his village, a special ceremony will be held and attended by his village community, to pray for his safety and success. Upon returning home, another ceremony will be held to give thanks for safety and success. Even religious leaders support the duta.


What are Their Beliefs?

Almost all of the Kayu Agung follow Islam. However, many also hold traditional beliefs in the spirit world. The Kayu Agung believe that ancestral spirits can trouble humans. Because of this, before a body is buried they must cleanse it with flowers. The goal is to confuse the dead spirit so it forgets its way back to its former home. A dukun (shaman/healer) is highly trusted and is often requested to perform rituals for planting and harvesting. The Kayu Agung also consider some areas to be sacred places for the enthroned spirits of the departed.


What are Their Needs?

The high social status given to the duta represents one of the unhealthy values of the community which needs to be corrected. This value is very popular amongst the Kayu Agung. Good moral education could help to eliminate this culture, at least among the younger generation. Because of this, there is also a need to build awareness for opening other business opportunities which also produce a good income.



Profile Source:   Indonesian Peoples Network, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-05-30
People Name General Kayu Agung
People Name in Country Kayu Agung
Population in Indonesia 21,400
World Population 21,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Lampung of Sumatra
People Name General Kayu Agung
Ethnic Code MSY44k
Country Indonesia
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )
Location in Country Along Komering River from Lake Ranau to near Palembang
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Komering: Kayu Agung (21,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Komering: Kayu Agung 21,000
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Komering
Film / Video Komering Language Film
Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-05-30

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.02 %)
0.10 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
99.90 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
100.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: IPN - Indonesian People Network   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: IPN - Indonesian People Network   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Indonesian Peoples Network, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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