Kaidipang in Indonesia

Joshua Project has identified the Kaidipang only in Indonesia





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Kaidipang people are found on the outskirts of the Bolaang Mongondow district of the North Sulawesi province. The Kaidipang area is surrounded by North Sulawesi province to the east, Gorontalo province to the west, the Sulawesi Sea to the north and Tomini Bay to the south. The trip from the Kaidipang home area to Gorontalo City (capital of Gorontalo province) takes approximately two to three hours, while from the Kaidipang home area to Manado City (capital of North Sulawesi province), the trip is approximately four to five hours. Historically, the Kaidipang formed their own kingdom. In 1910, they joined with the neighboring Bolang Itang kingdom. This enlarged kingdom lasted until 1950 when it joined the then recently independent Republic of Indonesia. The Kaidipang language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Gorontalic family which also includes the Bintauna, Bolango, Buol, Gorontalo, Lolak and Suwawa languages.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The traditional Kaidipang lifestyle was one of shifting agricultural settlements. New fields were cleared using the slash and burn method. These fields were used until becoming depleted of vital growing nutrients; then the people would move on to new areas and repeat the cycle. Unfortunately, this method is often cited as a primary cause for deforestation, as well as forest fires which often rage out of control. In recent times, however, the Kaidipang have become more settled, resulting in an increase in their population. Kaidipang villages are usually found along roadways in the highlands. Many Kaidipang have become rice farmers, fishermen, day laborers and owners of small shops. They also raise livestock such as cattle, goats and chickens. The lineage of descent for the Kaidipang people is bilateral (traced through both mother and father). Inheritance is handled in the same way for both male and female descendents. Unlike most other ethnic groups in Indonesia, the Kaidipang reserve no special treatment or rights for male family members.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Traditional law (adat) is sitll in use, although it has become intertwined with Islamic practice. As Muslims, the Kaidipang believe that they will be judged on their knowledge of the Islamic Holy Book (the Qur'an) and their way of life. Because of that, they strive to be devout Muslims. Despite this, many of the Kaidipang still believe in animism and various other superstitions. These beliefs are most clearly found in magic performed to control good and evil spirits in order to secure protection.

What Are Their Needs?

The most visible need among the Kaidipang is employment. There is a significant need for employment and job creation in their area. Many Kaidipang young people move to other cities such as Manado, Makassar and even Jakarta to find jobs.

Profile Source:   IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-06-28
Pray for Sulawesi
People Name General Kaidipang
People Name in Country Kaidipang
Population in Indonesia 31,000
World Population 31,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Attingola, Bolang Itang, Kaidipan, Kaidipang Bolaang
Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Gorontalo of Sulawesi
People Name General Kaidipang
Ethnic Code MSY44u
People ID 12418
Country Indonesia
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country North Sulawesi, north coast, both sides of Bolaangitang.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kaidipang (31,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kaidipang 31,000
For Primary Language: Kaidipang

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Translation Need Questionable
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.50 %)
7.00 %
Ethnic Religions
23.00 %
0.00 %
70.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
15.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
70.0 %
Roman Catholic
15.0 %
Photo Source: IPN   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: IPN   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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