Tshara-Tshao in Zimbabwe





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Tsoa of Botswana live in 150 cattle posts and six villages among the scrub forests, deserts, and savannas of southwestern Central District and northeast Kweneng District in Botswana. They are a people group of 5,000 in Botswana and Zimbabwe, known for not owning land. Income for the Tsoa people derives from working for cattle owners, teen girls working as maids in villages, and others receiving money from the government.

In the cattle posts, the people build single room homes, 3 yards in circumference. The walls are wood post frames and the roof and walls are branches, grass, or discarded metal roofing. About five people live in one home. The people have no electricity.

Animism is the Tsoa people's religion. There are about 100 Christians. Some of the Tsoa men have a bag of bones, hoofs, and pieces of wood that they shake and throw on the ground to determine the cause of illness. There is a great need for the Bible in their own language. A lay leader mentioned that he taught with the Setswana scriptures, but people just talked among themselves and ignored him. When the man explained the Setswana scriptures in Tsoa, the people quieted down and listened attentively. Tsoa land is being rezoned by the government. The Tsoa are paid to move and stay in villages where there is no available work. There is widespread boredom and alcoholism.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Tshara-Tshao
People Name in Country Tshara-Tshao
Population in Zimbabwe 4,100
World Population 7,200
Countries 2
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bushmen, Central Tshu, Gabake-Ntshori, Haise, Kwe-Etshori, Tshidi
Affinity Bloc Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster Khoisan
People Name General Tshara-Tshao
Ethnic Code BYG11d
People ID 12091
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tsoa (4,100)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tsoa 4,100
For Primary Language: Tsoa

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 5.00 %)
20.00 %
Ethnic Religions
80.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
20.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
30.0 %
Roman Catholic
50.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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