Han Chinese, Cantonese in Bangladesh

Population

3,660

Christian

2.0%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Although the Cantonese today proudly consider themselves part of the Han Chinese race, one ethnohistorian has concluded, "The ethnic origins of the ancient Yue people ... may have been Tai, but with a sizable Miao-Yao minority in the hills. The ancient Yue language was definitely not Sinitic. It is estimated that the population of Guangdong was less than 30 percent Sinitic in 1080."

The more than 30 Han Chinese language groups described in this book are considered by linguists to be mutually unintelligible languages. They are not merely dialects of the same language. Cantonese contains up to nine tones - compared to the national language, Mandarin, which has only four. Although they speak different languages and dialects, all Chinese people in China use the same written script.


History

The large southern city of Guangzhou - which has been continually inhabited for 2,200 years - has always been the center of Cantonese civilization. In the 33rd year of the reign of Emperor Qin Shihuang (214 BC), the Nanhai Prefecture was established in today's Guangzhou. Large numbers of Han flooded into the area. Guangzhou became home to large numbers of foreign merchants in the ninth century until the T'ang emperors lost control of it in AD 878. An Arab traveler reported that "a hundred and twenty thousand Muslims, Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians were slaughtered [in Guangzhou]."


Customs

The Chinese have a saying that to be happy in this life one must be born in Suzhou, live in Guangzhou, and die at Suzhou, "for in the first are the handsomest people, in the second the richest luxuries, and in the third the best coffins."


Religion

Throughout the Communist era the Cantonese have continued to be the most openly religious of all Chinese. Most homes in Guangdong Province have spirit altars. The Cantonese also zealously observe Daoist and Buddhist festivals.


Christianity

In September 1807 Robert Morrison landed in Guangzhou. A new era of Protestant missions began in China. Seven years later he baptized his first convert, "At a stream of water issuing from the foot of a lofty hill, far away from human observation. May he be the first-fruits of a great harvest." Today there are at least 1.2 million Cantonese Christians in China. Guangdong contains at least 200,000 Protestants and 110,000 Catholics, while heavily evangelized Hong Kong numbers 552,000 Protestants and 312,000 Catholics.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country Bangladesh
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country
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People Name General Han Chinese, Cantonese
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Cantonese
ROP3 Code 103701
Joshua Project People ID 12057
Indigenous Yes
Population in Bangladesh 3,660
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Baihua, Cantonese, Guangdong Hua, Guangxi, Gwong Dung Waa, Hakka, Han Chinese, Hoa (Hán), Macau Chinese, Nung, Punti, Totok, Yuet, Yuh,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Yue
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Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Cantonese
Ethnic Code MSY42a
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Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
40.00%
Christianity
2.0%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
58.02%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Karolien Taverniers Creative Commons: Yes
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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