Hakka in China



Population

35,638,000

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Identity

The Hakka, although proud of their cultural differences, have never claimed to be non-Chinese. Many famous Chinese have been Hakka, including Deng Xiaoping, Lee Kwan Yew, and Hong Xiuquan (the leader of the Taiping Rebellion).


History

There is much speculation concerning the historical roots of the Hakka. Some claim that they were the first Chinese people to arrive in China. Others claim that the Hakka are the descendants of the Xiongnu tribe. This much is agreed upon: At various stages between the fourth and thirteenth centuries AD, large numbers of people were forced to flee their homes in the war-torn Yellow River valley to seek refuge in southern China. These war refugees came to be known as Kejia - a Hakka word meaning "strangers" or "guests." When the savage Mongol hordes swept across China in the thirteenth century, many Hakka fled to the south to escape the carnage.


Customs

As part of the careful preservation of their language, when a non-Hakka woman marries into a Hakka family she is required to learn the Hakka language. In the past, many Hakka mothers killed their female babies. "Sooner than sell their daughters into slavery or concubinage, Hakka mothers prefer to kill them soon after birth." The Hakka never practiced footbinding like other Chinese.


Religion

Since the advent of Communism most Hakka could accurately be described as nonreligious. Aspects of animism and shamanism are found among some of the more remote Hakka locations.


Christianity

Rev. T. H. Hamburg and Rudolf Lechler were the first missionaries sent out by the Basel Mission. They arrived in China in 1846 to commence work among the Hakka. They experienced great success, and by 1922 the Hakka Christians numbered 30,000. Today, most of the estimated 150,000 Hakka Christians in China are located in southern Guangdong. In the 1800s the Taiping leader Chung Wang, a Hakka, pleaded for missionaries to have patience with his people. "You have had the Gospel for upwards of 1,800 years; we only, as it were, eight days. Your knowledge of it ought to be correct and extensive, ours must necessarily be limited and imperfect. You must therefore bear with us for the present, and we will gradually improve. We are determined to uproot idolatry, and plant Christianity in its place."


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-07-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-07-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-04-06
People Name General Han Chinese, Hakka (Hah-kah)
People Name in Country Hakka
Population in China 35,638,000
World Population 43,196,000
Countries 22
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Han Chinese, Hokka, Ke, Kechia, Kehia, Kejia, Kek, Khek, Majia, Totok, Xinmin
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Hakka (Hah-kah)
Ethnic Code MSY42a
People ID 12054
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 30 million Hakka are located in over 200 cities and counties spread throughout seven provinces and administrative areas of China. An additional two million Hakka live in Taiwan. The Hakka are concentrated in Guangdong, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Fujian, Hong Kong, and Hunan provinces. There are also small numbers in Sichuan and Hunan provinces. In addition, Hakka communities are scattered throughout many nations around the world..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Hakka: Hakka
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Hakka: Hakka

For Main Lanugage: Chinese, Hakka


Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1860-1995)
New Testament Yes   (1883-1993)
Complete Bible Yes   (1916)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Hakka Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
9.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 2.00 %)
2.10 %
Ethnic Religions
48.90 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
40.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
87.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
5.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
8.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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