Gouin, Cerma in Burkina Faso



Population

118,000

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Ciramba (also called Gouin or Cerma) are rather small numerically but big on ethnic pride. They live in southwest Burkina Faso, with about 3,000 spilling into northern Côte d'Ivoire. The main highway linking Cote d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso runs the length of their traditional territory, which results in a large percentage of Ciramba residing in urban areas.

The Ciramba area has a long rainy season, a blessing since most are subsistence farmers. To earn money, farmers sell surplus crops and some women sell baskets, pottery, or shea nuts. The Ciramba work very well together, and will often farm the fields collectively. A balafon (similar to a xylophone) player often accompanies these groups as they work, sending messages through his music to spur them on!

Many Ciramba know Jula, the local trade language, quite well, but they still cling tightly to Cerma, their mother tongue. They are receptive to literacy efforts in both Jula and Cerma. In the pilot phase of a new program, the government has two bilingual schools, where initial instruction and materials are in Cerma. The percentage of children enrolled in primary schools is one of the highest in Burkina Faso.

Family structure is unique in that the maternal uncle holds the most authority in the home. Marriages are often polygamous, and two to three generations of a family live together in a compound of mud-brick huts. The land chief, who performs ritual sacrifices, is a village's most powerful individual.

Most Ciramba follow the local traditional religion, which, among other things, advocates the power of sacrifices to appease the spirit world. Furthermore, there are approximately 6,000 Ciramba Muslims. Nevertheless, there is a strong, although small, self-propagating church amongst the Ciramba. Two Bible translators are working to ensure that more churches use the Cerma Scriptures that are available, and that translation and literacy work moves ahead efficiently.



Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Gouin, Cerma
People Name in Country Gouin, Cerma
Population in Burkina Faso 118,000
World Population 121,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Ciraamba, Ciramba, Gouin, Guin, Gwen, Kirma, Senufo
Affinity Bloc Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster Gur
People Name General Gouin, Cerma
Ethnic Code NAB56a
People ID 11933
Country Burkina Faso
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Comoé Province, north of Ouagadougou along main road to Banfora.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Cerma
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Cerma
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1995-2011)
New Testament Yes   (2011)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Diiloŋ-nelma Tobisĩfɛlɛnni

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 7.50 %)
14.00 %
Ethnic Religions
78.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
8.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
4.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
1.0 %
Protestant
50.0 %
Roman Catholic
45.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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