E in China

Joshua Project has identified the E only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



Although they have been classified as part of the large Zhuang nationality, the E cannot speak Zhuang. The Chinese call them Wuse, a derogatory name meaning "five colors." E is this group's autonym.


The north central part of Guangxi has long been a crossroads for many different races. Interaction between Han Chinese and minority people has resulted in the intermixing of ethnic groups such as the Mulao, Maonan, and Zhuang. These groups have many Chinese customs and linguistic influences. On the other hand, the Pinghua Chinese reveal many ethnolinguistic traits of minority groups.


The E celebrate the traditional Chinese festivals, the most important of which are the Spring Festival and the Chinese New Year.


Most E are animists, with many aspects of ancestor worship and traditional Chinese religions mixed into their rituals.


There are no known Christian fellowships or believers among the 19 E villages in northern Guangxi. The E still await the arrival of the gospel for the first time. Whitfield Guinness, a missionary-doctor who served in China until his death in 1927, summarized the condition of the lost tribes and individuals among whom he worked: "Men and women are toiling without a Bible, without a Sunday, without a prayer, without songs of praise. They have rulers without justice and righteousness; homes without peace; marriage without sanctity; young men and women without ideals and enthusiasm; little children without purity, without innocence; mothers without wisdom or self control; poverty without relief or sympathy; sickness without skillful help or tender care; sorrow and crime without a remedy; and worst of all, death without Christ."

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-06-19
People Name General E (Erh)
People Name in Country E
Population in China 43,000
World Population 43,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kjang E, Wesehua, Wuse
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tai
People Name General E (Erh)
Ethnic Code MSY49z
People ID 11672
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 30,000 people in the northern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region speak the E (pronounced "Erh") language. Another study lists a figure of 50,000 E speakers in China. The E inhabit 19 villages in both Rongshui and Luocheng counties. Rongshui is an autonomous county of the Miao people, and Luocheng is an autonomous county of the Mulao nationality. The main population center of the E is in the town of Yongle. The region contains an abundance of beautiful karst hills and rock formations nestled among lush green pastures..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
E (43,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
E 43,000
For Primary Language: E

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Translation Need Questionable
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
90.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
10.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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