Introduction / History
The Doka live in the Kachia Division of the Kaduna State in Nigeria. It is believed that the Doka are an offshoot of the Ankwe or Goemai people. Over the years, the Doka culture has been influenced by their Ngas and Jukun neighbors. Their language is closely related to that of the Chip and Mwahavul peoples.
Kaduna, meaning "place of the crocodile", is a region flowing with numerous rivers. For this reason, the soil is rich and fertile in most of the area, making the Doka an agricultural people. The vegetation consists of low orchard bush with shade trees such as the silk-cotton, baobab, and shea butter trees. Deleb palms are numerous along river valleys and supply the people with such items as nuts, oil, and fuel. Much of the Doka region has become a source of danger to both man and animal because of the presence of the disease-carrying tse-tse fly.
What Are Their Lives Like?
Like other savanna people in the Kaduna Division, the Doka are subsistence farmers, growing millet, maize, guinea corn, and beans. Also, livestock such as goats, sheep, chickens, dogs, and horses are raised. Goats, sheep, and chickens are eaten, along with monkey and iguana which is a delicacy. The Doka engage in hunting, fishing, and some trading, but these are of lesser importance than agriculture.
Each morning, after a light snack is eaten, the men of a household work in the fields until noon, when they relax in the shade of a tree and eat porridge brought by their wives. Another break follows around 3:30, after which time they will work again until getting ready for the evening meal that is eaten with their brothers and children.
The women wake before sunrise and bathe behind their houses. During the day, they prepare meals and help their husbands in the fields. Time is also spent going into the forests and bush in order to collect nuts, wild fruit, honey, and special plants used for medicines. Most of the small-scale trading is conducted by the women.
Boys will help their fathers on the farm, spending some of their time chasing animals and birds away from the crops. Girls must clean dirty pots in the river, help their mothers prepare the meals, and gather forest products. The older men of the village spend much of their day making sure that the young boys properly tend to the livestock. Often, much of their time is spent simply relaxing or sometimes weaving.
The Doka live in compact villages, located either in the hills or in dense forests. Their houses are made of mud with grass roofs that cover the outer porch and granary, which holds the season's harvest. Each village is a clan community separated into extended family compounds. The village headman handles village affairs with the help of a council of elders.
What Are Their Beliefs?
Although many of the Doka have become Muslim, most are ethnic religionists, still following their traditional religious practices and beliefs. They believe in evil spirits, but they do not live in fear of them. They pray to the "sky god" for health and prosperity.
Many of the religious practices of the Doka center on ancestor worship (the belief that the spirits of deceased ancestors are alive and need to be fed and cared for). Central to this belief is the ancestral cult, in which the dodo (masked personification of a spirit) represents the ancestral spirits. Rites of initiation into this cult are elaborate and very important to all Doka. Through this cult, ancestors are honored and worshipped.
What Are Their Needs?
The Doka have no Christian resources available to them, and no missions agency is currently working among them. Further evangelistic work and prayer are greatly needed to affect these people with the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers to the Doka of Nigeria.
* Pray that God will give the Doka believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that the Lord will bring forth a triumphant Doka church for the glory of His name!
* Ask the Lord to strengthen, encourage, and protect the Doka believers of Nigeria.
|Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center|