Cujareno, Mashco Piro in Peru

Joshua Project has identified the Cujareno, Mashco Piro only in Peru






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Mashco Piro is a small isolated tribe in Peru. Though long uncontacted, they made distant communication in the summer of 2013 with the Yine tribe across the Las Piedras river where they live. The event was tense and the tribe apparently asked for (or demanded) bananas, rope and machetes. The Yine responded by sending over a canoe with bananas, which the Mashco then collected. FENAMAD agents prevented the Mashco from crossing the river to ensure that contact with the Yine would not harm the group. Soon after the exchange, the group left the area.

"In 1894, most of the Mashco-Piro tribe was slaughtered by the private army of Carlos Fitzcarrald, in the upper Manú River area. The survivors retreated to the remote forest areas. The sightings of the Mashco-Piro tribe members increased in the 21st century." 1

Interaction with the group has been very infrequent and sometimes violent on both sides. Loggers killed some of the tribe in the 1980's.

"Mashco-Piro were blamed later in 2011 for the wounding of one forest ranger and the killing of a Matsiguenka Indian who had long maintained a relationship with them and provided them with machetes and cooking pots." 2

Where Are they Located?

They live in the Ucayali Region and Upper Purús Region in Southeastern Peru, close to the border with Brazil and Bolivia. They live on the banks of the Las Piedras River in the Alto Purús National Park in huts constructed of palm leaf. In the rainy season, they retreat to huts in the rain forest.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Because of their isolated existence, little is known about their way of life. Members of the tribe wear very little clothing. Men, women and children alike wear only a yellowish brown cloth above the waist and perhaps arm and leg bands of the same color. They have medium stature and athletic build. All have straight black hair worn shoulder length or longer.

Men probably hunt with the weapons they have been seen carrying, such as bow and arrow, as well as spears. Part of their diet consists of turtle eggs, retrieved from the river banks.

The neighboring Yine say that illegal loggers are encroaching on Yine and Mashco Piro land, probably provoking the recent boldness in asking for food from the Yine. A road has also been constructed near their land, decreasing their living space.

The government of Peru prohibits contact with the tribe to protect them from illnesses they may not be immune to.

The Mashco Piro language is somewhat similar to that of their Yine neighbors.



Other references consulted:

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Cujareno, Mashco Piro
People Name in Country Cujareno, Mashco Piro
Population in Peru 300
World Population 300
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Inapari
Country Peru
Region Central and South America
Continent South America
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Isolated, remote area.   Source: 
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Mashco Piro (300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Mashco Piro 300
For Primary Language: Mashco Piro

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
2.00 %
Ethnic Religions
98.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
100.0 %
Map Source: Amanecer Peru  
Profile Source: Joshua Project  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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