Ikpeng, Txikao in Brazil

Joshua Project has identified the Ikpeng, Txikao only in Brazil





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Ikpeng of Brazil are traditionally hunter-gatherers. They are now in the Xingu Indian Reservation in Central Brazil. Living in the reservation has forced them to adopt a more agrarian lifestyle. The Ikpeng live along the western bank of the Rio Xingu, in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso.

They mainly raise manioc and corn and supplement their diets with fish, game, and seasonal fruits and berries. Corn also has spiritual value in their culture.

They are animists and are terrified of the spirit world. They see everything they do and everything that happens to them as directly related to the spirit world.

Their whole culture and lifestyle are centered around parties. They love parties and will spend months planning and preparing for these parties, which can last for days and include dancing and food. The dancing associated with the parties also holds spiritual significance, giving a small glimpse into the spiritual depravity of the Ikpeng. There are no known believers among this group, though there have been some missionaries working with them.

Within the reserve, non-indigeneous settlement, tourism, missionary activity, and commercial enterprise are illegal.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Ikpeng, Txikao
People Name in Country Ikpeng, Txikao
Population in Brazil 400
World Population 400
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chicao, Ikpeng, Tonore, Txicão, Txikão
Country Brazil
Region Central and South America
Continent South America
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Mato Grosso, Xingú Park.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Ikpeng (400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Ikpeng 400
For Primary Language: Ikpeng

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.25 %)
10.00 %
Ethnic Religions
90.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
100.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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