Burakumin in Japan

Joshua Project has identified the Burakumin only in Japan

Population

937,000

Christian

0.50%

Evangelical

0.20%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Rachel Routt


Introduction / History

The Burakumin descendended as part of the outcasts from Japan's feudal system. The name Burakumin means "hamlet people." During Japan's feudal days the Burakumin were placed into two groups; the eta "defiled ones/filthy commoners" or the hinin "non-humans." The eta held jobs which revolved around death. Shinto/Buddhist religions identify death with defilement; therefore, the Burakumin were identified as defiled. The second hinin group included ex-convicts, prostitutes, beggers, and low-level entertainers. The group was identifited as the lowest of the low in society.

In the early 18th century the Burakumin were given several social rules about what they could wear, where they could go, and how long they could be out. In 1871 the "Emancipation Act" was passed that abolished the feudal system, but no laws were passed to end the discrimination against the Burakumin. In the 1900's several groups formed to fight for Burakumin rights.


What are Their Lives Like?

Today many Burakumin have assimilated into Japanese culture; however, there are still around 4,000- 6,000 Burakumin communities (depending on which source you use). The total population in these communities is around 1-3 million people. The settlements are located in mainly rural areas. The Burakumin face some discrimination in marriage and employment. The discrimination is mostly seen in the western areas of Japan.


What are Their Beliefs?

The Burakumin trained their own Buddhist and Shinto priest and also produced unauthorized practitioners of both religions and other folk religions. The Burakumin used diviners and ceremonial performers. Early Christian missionaries were drawn to the Burakumin because of their evident needs and persecution. During this time some became followers of Christ.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Burakumin would find their identity in Christ.
* Pray for a church planting movement among the Burakumin communities.
* Pray for Japanese hearts to chang so that discrimination toward the Burakumin would be eliminated.

References

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/84894/burakumin
http://goo.gl/iFRF4
http://goo.gl/mZSeP
http://goo.gl/BpG7e
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burakumin



Profile Source: Rachel Routt
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Country Japan
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Widespread

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People Name General Burakumin
People Name in Country Burakumin
ROP3 Code 103047
Joshua Project People ID 11228
Indigenous Yes
Population in Japan 937,000
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Japanese 937,326
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Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Japanese
People Name General Burakumin
Ethnic Code MSY45a
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Largest Religion Buddhism
Buddhism
74.00%
Christianity
0.50%    ( Evangelical  0.20% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
25.50%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
35.00%
Protestant
25.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
15.00%
Roman Catholic
25.00%
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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