The Jula word Bobo-Oule means Red Bobo and differentiates it from the Black Bobo. They call themselves Bwa or Bwaba. They speak Bwamu which is a Voltaic language.
Their neighbors are the Bobo, the Bamana, the Lobi and the Marka Dafing. In their history they show no record of earlier peoples in the land where they live.
The Bamana of Segou occupied much of the land in Mali in the 1700s. This weakened the Bwa. When the power of the Bamana lessened, the Fulani came into the Bwa country destroying things and making slaves of the people. When the French came in 1897, they used the Fulani to help them conquer the region. Many Bwa came against the French but the fight against them came to nothing as the French defeated them in six months and the Bwa had to rebuild.
They live in Mali and Burkina Faso. Some of the main towns of the Bwa are Boni, Bagassi, Dossi and Hounde.
The Bwa live in villages that do not have central political authority. They do not like outside control. Decisions are made by a council of male elders from their peoples. The Bwa are very receptive to changes that they find of help to their own needs. They want to remain faithful to ancestors. The Bwa are now paid individually for their crops and cooperative work in the fields has come to an end causing problems for them.
They are mainly farmers, cotton being the main crop they sell. They also have crops such as rice, millet, peanuts and yam. They speak in Bwa. Some speak Jula and French is spoken too.
The god they believe in is called Wuro (or Difini or Dobweni). The Bwa especially in the north worship Dwo who they believe is a go between with man and nature. The religious leader of every village is the oldest man of the village named the Labie.
The Bwa use masks. The northern Bwa use leaf masks more than wooden ones, the southern Bwa prefer wooden masks. The Bwa in the south in particular use masks to do with the Nuna religion which they decided to be followers of late.
|Profile Source: Anonymous|
|Expanded PDF Profile|
|People Name General||Red Bobo, Bwa|
|People Name in Country||Red Bobo, Bwa|
|Population in Burkina Faso||111,000|
|Progress Scale||3.2 ●|
|GSEC||2 (per PeopleGroups.org)|
|Alternate Names||Bomu, Bore, Bwa, Pwe, Red Bobo, Western Bobo Wule|
|Region||West and Central Africa|
|Persecution Rank||Not ranked|
|Location in Country||Kossi Province, Soumbara, west of Nouna. Source: Ethnologue 2010|
|Primary Language:||Bomu (111,000 speakers)|
|Language Code:||bmq Ethnologue Listing|
|For Primary Language:||Bomu|
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible Portions||Yes (1937-1994)|
|New Testament||Yes (1954-1994)|
|Complete Bible||Yes (2005)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum of Bible Agencies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament (FCBH)|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Bomu|
|Text / Printed Matter||World Missionary Press Booklets|
|Primary Religion:||Ethnic Religions|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent|
|Christianity (Evangelical 12.00 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|