Bedik, Budik in Senegal


Joshua Project has identified the Bedik only in Senegal

Population

4,840

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Bedik people constitute an ethnic group that lives apart from society. They live in caves carved in the mountains, often without light. One seldom meets a Bedik in political meetings or other popular gatherings. On the other hand, many Bedik join the army. Being accustomed to mountainous environment, they excel at climbing cliffs and walking long distances without getting tired.

Bedik girls' unique hair styles are characterized by one big plait on top of the head and several small plaits on the side. Aluminum rings and multicolored pearls adorn the plaits. Their ears are pierced with several holes, and each hole carries a ring of various colors. The nose is also pierced and decorated with a porcupine pin. On each wrist a young lady wears at least five bracelets.

The boys also wear distinctive adornment. Once circumcised, each boy begins to wear an earring and a knife at his waist. They claim the knife is not for defense, but as a working tool.

If a Bedik boy loves a young girl, he must obtain a kola nut, a calabash, and a handmade cloth two meters long and bring all these things to the girl's family. If the girl and her family are not interested, they will return everything in a couple of hours. However, if the family keeps the presents, this means that the girl loves him, too. The boy now has to prepare a dowry for his future in-laws: $50, one cow, one sheep, and one goat. Once accepted by the girl's family, the wedding ceremony will unite the two families and also the two villages. The bridegroom provides enough millet wine to satisfy all who attend. After the wedding, the girl's family will go back home and leave their daughter with her husband "for better, for worse".

The Bedik people eat mainly food based on millet accompanied by leaves from a baobab tree. They seldom use oil in their food. Rice is prepared when there are visitors. Visitors are always served separately. The Bedik people rarely use sugar in their food. They raise poultry, sheep and goats, but they sell them rather than using them for their own consumption.

The Bedik people drink millet wine, especially in times of ceremonies, like weddings. They also drink bissap, a drink based on sorrel flowers. They put hot pepper in it, and drink it without sugar.

The Bedik people are very respectful to their elders. Birthright is strictly respected. In Bedik society, the elders are always given first priority.

When hunters return with their game, for example, they give the elder first choice before sharing the game with the others.

During village meetings, the men sit by age groups. No young man would be bold enough to sit down among the elders.


What are Their Beliefs?

The Bedik people traditionally believe in dialants, a heap of small stones near a wall or tree, where sacrifices are made and prayers are said regularly.

Few Bediks are Muslim. When asked why, they reply that the main reason is the dominant presence of Fulbe people in Islam. The Bedik and Fulbe peoples do not agree, because the cows, the sheep, and the goats of the Fulbe graze in and trample the fields of the Bedik farmers. Consequently, most of the Bedik people reject Islam and are more open to Christianity.



Profile Source:   West Africa Gateway 

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-02-16
People Name General Bedik
People Name in Country Bedik, Budik
Population in Senegal 4,800
World Population 4,800
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Budik, Tenda
Affinity Bloc Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster Mande
People Name General Bedik
Ethnic Code NAB64c
People ID 10755
Country Senegal
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Southeast.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Menik (4,800)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Menik 4,800
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1997)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (Global Recordings Network)

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.30 %)
1.00 %
Ethnic Religions
94.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
5.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
10.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
90.0 %
Photo Source: NTM Senegal  
Map Source: Bryan Nicholson / cartoMission  
Profile Source: West Africa Gateway 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project.  A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.