Antankarana in Madagascar

Joshua Project has identified the Antankarana only in Madagascar





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Tankarana (literally 'people of the rocks') occupy the far northern part of Madagascar where they are geographically cut off from the southern regions of Madagascar by the Tsaratanana mountain range.

In spite of their geographic isolation, the Antakarana were conquered during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries by the Sakalava, the Merina and the French. Some believe that the Antakarana language and ethnography would reflect the strong Sakalava influence in the area, but the Tankarana historically had closer bonds to the Betsimisaraka of the north. They are mostly fishermen, although those in the interior raise cattle.

At the center of their group identity is the story of their survival in the nineteenth century when they were being exploited and pursued by the Merina. On one occasion, they have safely hidden in caves for more than a year before they were discovered. King Tsimiaro I made a prayer, vowing that if his people survived the Merina onslaught, the Tankarana would embrace Islam. This vow was honored and today the Muslim religion is evident there, strongly intermingling with traditional Malagasy customs. This syncretistic and mostly nominal practice of Islam has inspired concentrated effort on the part of zealous Muslims to teach and give the prescribed doctrinal content.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Antankarana
People Name in Country Antankarana
Population in Madagascar 450,000
World Population 450,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Malagasy
Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Malagasy
People Name General Antankarana
Ethnic Code MSY44j
People ID 10342
Country Madagascar
Region East and Southern Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country North tip, Antsiranana Province.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Malagasy, Antankarana (450,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Malagasy, Antankarana 450,000
For Primary Language: Malagasy, Antankarana

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
Jesus Film: view in Malagasy, Antankarana Film / Video
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.74 %)
15.00 %
Ethnic Religions
79.00 %
0.00 %
6.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
5.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
35.0 %
Roman Catholic
60.0 %
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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