Ainu in Japan


Joshua Project has identified the Ainu only in Japan

Population

14,800

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Ainu people lived in the northern regions of Japan and in parts of Russia. They were a fair-skinned blue-eyed people. Most say that the closest Ainu relatives are from Tibet or the Andaman Islands off of India, although testing has shown that they could have descended from several other groups as well. The Ainu speak their own language, Ainu. It is known as a language isolate, having no known relationship with any other languages. It is a language unique to the Ainu culture and people.

The Ainu's first contact with the Japanese was around the 13th century. Between the 1600's and 1800's the Ainu traded with the Japanese. They increasingly became dependent upon the Japanese and this led to several Ainu revolts. The Japanese also brought disease into the Ainu people.

During the Meiji Restoration the area where the Ainu lived (Hokkaido) was annexed. Land was taken from the Ainu. The Ainu were labeled "former Aborigines." The result was the loss of their autonomy and indigenous standing. The assimilation into Japanese culture had begun. The Ainu people were not officially recognized or restated until June 6, 2008.


What are Their Lives Like?

The Ainu were originally fishermen and hunters. The Ainu lived off of bear, fox, wolf, fish, vegetables, herbs, and roots. The men ate with chopsticks and the women ate with wooden spoons. Their homes were huts located beside water. Each Ainu "village" consisted of 4-10 families. The average age of marriage was 17-18 for men and 15-16 for women. When children were born they were not given names until around 2-3 years old.


What are Their Beliefs?

The word Ainu means, "Nature." The word "Kamuy" is used for everyday things and also things beyond their control. These gods include animals, household objects, and nature. The hierarchy of the religion consisted of grandmother earth (fire), mountain animals, sea animals, and finally everything else. The bear held a special place in the Ainu religion. Ainu sacrificed animals. Also, tattooing was a part of their custom. Many woman from a young age started tattoos around their mounts. During the Meiji Restoration, they were forced to leave behind animal sacrifices and the art of tattooing.


What are Their Needs?

The Ainu are often marginalized in Japanese society. It is estimated that there are only 15,000-24,000 Ainu remaining. Their language is also disappearing. It is on the endangered language list. Their greatest need today, besides a Savior, is the preservation of their traditions.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Ainu language would be preserved and that those who still speak the language would have the opportunity to hear the Gospel.

* Pray that those who still practice the Ainu religion would come to know and worship the one, true God.

* Pray that God would raise up Ainu leaders who would help preserve the traditions and at the same time introduce Christ.

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ainu_people
http://goo.gl/3jQg8
http://goo.gl/PFlTZ


Profile Source:   Rachel Routt  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-02
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-03-04
People Name General Ainu
People Name in Country Ainu
Population in Japan 15,000
World Population 15,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc Pacific Islanders
People Cluster Aborigine
People Name General Ainu
Ethnic Code AUG01b
People ID 10205
Country Japan
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.


Enthologue Language Map



Languages & Dialects on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Ainu Japanese
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Ainu Japanese
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1837-1992)
New Testament Yes   (1879-1993)
Complete Bible Yes   (1883-1987)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Christ for the Nations
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Japanese
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Biblica Japanese
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Colloquial Japanese (1955)
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.00 %)
20.00 %
Ethnic Religions
70.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
10.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
75.0 %
Other Christian
15.0 %
Protestant
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: COMIBAM / Sepal  
Profile Source: Rachel Routt  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project.  A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.